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法兰西共和国La France概况,基本信息,经济地理等等  

2010-07-10 09:54:36|  分类: profession |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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It is the French Fifth Republic. Is located in the western European continent, three facing the sea, was hexagonal. Paris is the capital of French political, economic, cultural and transportation center, the Louvre Museum and Notre Dame de Paris, known around the world, known as the Champs-Elysees Avenue, the world's most beautiful, its ground and underground traffic extending in all directions, very convenient, each days traffic reached 13 million people. Paris landmarks - the Eiffel Tower like a steel giant stands tall on the Seine River in the quiet. In France's largest port and second largest city of Marseille, you can visit the Alexandre Dumas novel "Count of Monte Cristo," too, portrayed in the prison - Fort Qi Yifu. The southwestern city of Bordeaux wine has a long history, its wines worldwide. Principal "Bordeaux red wine" as the world's wine, "Queen", a bottle of aged wine a hundred years in the international market can be sold more than 30,000 U.S. dollars. Located in the Mediterranean coast of Cannes, is a beautiful scenery and pleasant climate of the town, held annually in this crowded Cannes Film Festival, which awarded the Palme d'Or award has been recognized as one of the highest honor the film industry. France in the world-renowned fashion, choice of materials rich, excellent, bold design, production and skilled to lead the world in fashion trends has always been. There are 2,000 boutiques in Paris, the boss who's slogan is: "Fashion does not sell second." In the street, almost see two women dressed in identical clothing. French nature straightforward, romantic, nature-loving, more than half of French households keep a variety of small animals, the total number of 30 million or more. France is a country marked by ritual, courteous manners have been proud of the French tradition.

Flag:
National Flag: three-color flag of the French Revolution, when the National Guard in Paris, pennants. White behalf of the king, blue, and red for the people of Paris, the royal family and Paris, a symbol of the bourgeois coalition. 1946 Constitution recognizes it as the national flag
National Emblem: France has no formal national emblem, but the traditional coat of arms used during the Great Revolution as a national symbol. Coat of arms for the oval shape on the painted one of the symbols popular during the Great Revolution - beam rods, which is used by the Roman magistrates the right to high-level standard, is a symbol of authority. Beam rods on both sides decorated with olive branches and oak leaves, during winding of the ribbons on the French words "liberty, equality, fraternity." With the whole pattern is created by the Roman Legion of the ring jewelry.
National Anthem: "La Marseillaise." This song made in 1792, Austria, S & P armed intervention in the critical moment of the French Revolution to express the French people for democracy and against tyranny of the strong confidence and dauntless spirit. In December 1792, "La Marseillaise" was revolutionary government declared a "Song of the Republic." To 1795 and was formally adopted by Congress as the national anthem. (Details see below) the first paragraph to the effect:
Forward, sons and daughters of the motherland, fast rise, glorious day waiting for you! You can see the tyrant are stained with the blood front of us to raise the flag and raised the flag stained with blood! Hear not? Brutal soldiers howl in our land, they rushed to your side, kill your wife and the lad who had sworn.
Use Currency: Euro
Flower: iris
State bird: cock
State Stone: Pearl
National Day: July 14
National motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité (French, freedom, equality, fraternity)
Human Development Index: 0.952 11th place world ranking (2007)

法兰西共和国人口和国土面积

Area
551,602 sq km
Population
60,628,000

法兰西共和国自然地理Geography

France is located in Western Europe, strategic location, has an extremely rich natural and cultural heritage.
An area of 55.1602 million square kilometers (including Corsica). France adjacent to the sea on three sides, is the largest country in Western Europe.
Location: Located in western Europe, with Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Spain, Andorra, Monaco, bordering north-west across La Manche and the United Kingdom across the verge of the North Sea, English Channel, the Atlantic and Mediterranean waters four, the Mediterranean on Corsica is France's biggest island.
Terrain: Southeast High-northwest low, open to the Atlantic Ocean. The eastern Alps and the Jura mountain land; in central and southern central highlands; the southwest border are the Pyrenees; the central plateau and the Pyrenees mountain region between the southwestern Aquitaine Basin; the northern part of Paris Basin; north-west of Amolikan hills. Plain two-thirds of the total area.
Range: There are the Alps, Pyrenees, Jura Mountains and so on. Franco-Italian border, Mont Blanc 4810 meters above sea level, highest peak in Europe.
Rivers: There Pays de la Loire (1010 km), the Rh?ne River (812 kilometers), the Seine (776 km), Marne (525 km). On the Mediterranean island of Corsica is France's largest island. The total length of the border line of 5695 kilometers, of which 2,700 km coastline, the land line is 2800 kilometers, 195 kilometers inland line.
Climate: temperate maritime climate is the western, southern climate is Mediterranean, central and eastern continental climate is temperate. The average annual precipitation from the northwest to the southeast from the 600 mm increments to 1000 mm or more in mountainous areas up to 1,500 mm or more. Monthly average temperature: in January the western and southern parts of 4-7 ℃, eastern and northern 1-3 ℃; in July in the north and west 16-18 ℃, the south and east 21-24 ℃, most of the mild climate, beautiful environment, is a suitable place to live.
Minerals: iron, coal, bauxite reserves of rich, as well as lead, zinc, uranium, potassium and so on. Forest coverage rate 26.4%.
Population: As of January 1, 2008, the French population was estimated at 63.8 million, of which the local population of 61.9 million overseas population of 1.9 million. The border with Alsace people, Breton, Corsican, Basque, Flemish and so on. Common in French. 81.4% of the population who were Catholic, 6.89 percent of people believe in Islam, others believed Protestantism, Judaism, Buddhism and other religions.

法兰西共和国行政区域

Is divided into large areas, provinces and municipalities. Province consists of prefectures and counties, but not administrative areas. County is the judicial and electoral units. France native is divided into 22 major areas, 96 provinces, four overseas departments and four overseas territories, two districts with a special status. A total of 36565 towns nationwide, of which less than 3,500 population of 3.4 million, more than 30,000 people population of the city of 231 population of more than 100,000 of the city of 37.
22 regions are: Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Boolean high nirvana, Brittany, the central region, Champagne - Ardenne, Corsica, Franche - Comte, Paris region, Poulenc multi-g - Luxi Weng, Lim Chan, Lorraine, South Pyrenees, North-Pas de Calais, Lower Normandy, Upper Normandy, Pays de la Loire, Picardie, Boitout - Charentes, Pu Provence - Alpes - Azur, Rhone - Alps.
Four overseas departments are: Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion.
Four overseas territories are: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna Islands, French Southern and Antarctic territories (the territories of the Chief Executive of resident - in the French overseas province of Reunion Island .)
2 districts are: Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
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